The first newspaper of Nikolaev – 150 years
Stories known examples where even very young people created so many masterpieces that another five lives and do not do. And not far to seek: Shevchenko in the 26 years published “Kobzar” Lermontov for his 27 years of life, wrote many beautiful poems, Kotlyarevskiy at a young age has created a “Aeneid.”
Nikolaev also has what to be proud. Pavlovsky was not yet 28 when he began to publish the first newspaper in Nikolaev, “Nicholas Bulletin”. Its first issue was published January 5, 1865
Yegor Pavlovsky lived a short but brilliant life. He was born in Odessa April 7, 1837 His father was the town doctor, and his mother – daughter of the famous preacher. Yegor childhood like in a hurry to live, create, show independence. 13-year-old’s parents sent him to study in St. Petersburg. In 1857 he graduated from the Marine Corps, received the rank of lieutenant. On the corvette “Lynx” Pavlovsky sailed around Europe. Soon after he arrived in Nikolaev. Then I decided to stay, despite the many flattering offers from St. Petersburg.
Here Pavlovsky some time served as assistant chief of the Hydrographic Service. They were executed publication “Pilot books of the Black Sea” and “Sea of Azov Pilot books.” He was also indifferent to literary pursuits. He became a member of “Maritime Collection” under his name and began to leave the publication. At the same time, he sought authorization to print in Nikolaev city newspaper.
Soon Pawlowski founded on personal funds the city’s first newspaper “Nicholas Bulletin”. To do this, he rented a fleet of staff printing plant, for which he has pledged to publish in the newspaper the orders of the chief commander. But this “load” coincided with his aspirations – because at first the material was not much.
In addition to information from the everyday life of the city, the newspaper put historical materials, talked about the needs and requirements of the region. On its pages to publish information on the development of literacy schools, on the situation in the schools, on the development of the port of Nikolaev, on the need for the railway. Pavlovsky said that “… with the opening of the port and the development of commerce holiday Nikolaev will play an important role in the life of the whole region, is now finding a sure and convenient marketing their works.”
He was sure that the city adjacent to the fertile and densely populated area even more firmly attached to the port would be, why Nikolaev benefit. Without taking on the role of fortuneteller, Pavlovsky still expressed confidence and hope to see in the near future, all that is lacking in Nikolaev, but the city deserves. This confidence is based on the success of online education, trade expansion: land and sea.
The first two, the newspaper is published twice a week. Printing was done manually, it took a lot of time and labor. For rent printing had to make decent money and public subsidies could not achieve. At first it was difficult to teach Pavlovsky citizens to place commercial advertisements in the newspaper. As the sole employee of his newspaper, Pavlovsky, sometimes overheard to sell someone the property free printed hear the information. After several successful cases, look for buyers, citizens gradually began to bring to the editor different ads.
Over time, there were many Pavlovsky, formed by like-minded people who care. They are also published in the pages of “Nicholas messenger” your articles. Soon Nikolaev had no idea the city without their newspaper. “Nikolaev’s Bulletin” started to play a significant role in the life of the city.
Yegor Pavlovsky was engaged not only the publication of the newspaper, he was involved in public affairs, in a device of urban society savings, preparing for children’s reading books. He had a lot of plans, but they it was destined to fail. His life was cut short by a chance event.
In those years, Nicholas among the public was accepted to attend the theater in Odessa. September 17, 1870 Pavlovsky viewing opera, returning late in the evening on the boat “Argonaut”. Passenger ship next morning was to follow in Nikolaev. In low light conditions, Pavlovsky did not notice at sea jetty deep, dark door and fell into it. From there, the body of the Pavlovsk removed without the chance of life.
The newspaper “Nikolaev Bulletin” continued to appear after the death of its founder. Her published B. Krajewski, who apply for rental of the newspaper and the right to its publication in relatives of Pavlovsk. Now the city authorities began to support the newspaper’s annual subsidy. A year later, A. Yurkovski rent went through, in which the newspaper is closed, and in 1885 already began to appear in the Jurkowski “Leaf board”, later renamed “Southerner.”
The founder of the first newspaper Yegor Nicholas Pawlowski died in the prime of life, full of plans and hopes. Spending his last journey came a lot of Nikolaev. This reason was widespread recognition that Pavlovsky earned during his short but brilliant life.
Unfortunately, it happened that our city streets often bear the names of people who have never been in Nikolaev, and perhaps – and did not know about its existence. Typically, this ardent revolutionaries and people who have contributed to the strengthening of the Soviet power. At the same time, the Patriots Nikolaev and the people who work for the good and the image of the city until almost no chance of being immortalized in street names. It is a pity, because it would be fostered and encouraged young people to sacrifice its forces on the prosperity of Nikolaev.